Today is World Asthma Day. In India pollution has reached so high that, at present 25% of population suffers allergy in our country. 5% of them are suffering from asthma and even in developed countries like USA there is 10% increase in Asthma patients every year.
Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the lung airways that causes coughing, chest tightness, wheezing or shortness of breath. Asthma prevalence is higher in children than in adults, and higher in females than males. Asthma is the most common chronic illness in childhood. Asthma symptoms can be triggered by exposure to an allergen (such as ragweed, pollen, animal dander or dust mites), irritants in the air (such as smoke, chemical fumes or strong odors) or extreme weather conditions. Exercise or an illness – particularly a respiratory illness or the flu – can also make you more susceptible. Asthma is often hereditary. Weather conditions such as extremely dry, wet or windy weather can worsen an asthma condition.
Effective asthma treatment includes monitoring the disease with a peak flow meter, identifying and avoiding allergen triggers, using drug therapies including bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory agents, and developing an emergency plan for severe attacks. There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control and quick-relief medications. Long-term control medications are preventive, taken daily to achieve and maintain control of asthma symptoms. Quick-relief medications are used to treat asthma attacks. They relieve symptoms rapidly and are taken on an as-needed basis. One of the most effective medications for controlling asthma is inhaled corticosteroids, which are anti-inflammatory medications. Taken early and as directed, these well-tolerated and safe medications can improve asthma control and normalize lung function. Immunotherapy or allergy shots should be considered if asthma is triggered by exposure to unavoidable allergens, or if symptoms occur three days a week and more than two nights a month. The shots are especially helpful when symptoms occur year-round or are not easily controlled with medication.
The goals with initial testing are to diagnose asthma and evaluate its severity. Testing may be performed to distinguish asthma from other conditions that cause similar symptoms and to identify the presence of conditions, such as allergies, that have the potential to trigger or worsen asthma attacks. The goals with continued testing are to monitor lung function and asthma control, evaluate and resolve asthma attacks, and identify and address complications and side effects that arise.
These are the primary tests used to diagnose, assess, and monitor asthma.
- A detailed medical history and physical exam, focusing on the chest and respiratory tract
- Spirometry to evaluate narrowed or obstructed airways. This test measures the amount and rate of air exhalation as a person blows out through a tube. It can be performed on people 5 years of age or older to demonstrate airway obstruction that is reversible or partially reversible with a short-acting bronchodilator.
- "Challenge" tests that provoke the bronchi to constrict (Bronchial Provocation tests), such as exercise, cold air, methacholine, or histamine.
- Other pulmonary function studies and/or a chest x-ray
Asthma assessment and monitoring
- Spirometry – to evaluate lung function
- Peak expiratory flow (PEF) determination
- Pulse oximetry
- Chest x-ray
- Chest x-ray
- Exhaled nitric oxide test test
We at Medlabz provide asthama assessment and monitoring test spirometry at seleceted centers of Mumbai at discounted price. Go get your tests done before its too late.