A Routine Urine Examination involves 3 different types of Analysis
1. Physical Examination which records the Quantity, Color, Deposit, Appearance, pH and Specific Gravity
2. Chemical Examination records the presence of Proteins, Sugar, Ketone, Occult Blood, Bile Pigment, Bile Salts, Urobilinogen
3. Microsopic Examination records the presence of Red Blood Cells, Pus Cells, Epithelial Cells, Crystals, Microbes etc
A routine urine examination can give critical information in to a number of underlying medical conditions such as Hematuria; associated with Kidney Stones, Pyuria; associated with urinary infections or Eosinophiluria; associated with kidney disorders. Presence of Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells or Pus cells can give details on a variety of diseases. Bile Salts, Bile pigments and urobilinogen is present in liver disorders. Presence of protein may indicate a heart disease or kidney disorder. Glucose is present in diabetic conditions and ketone bodies are found in severe diabetes and even in certain nervous disorders. Blood is usually found in the cancer of the kidney, in case of presence of kidney stones or even due to Kidney Tuberculosis.